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Golarion Populations by Race and Settlement Size


Pathfinder Campaign Setting General Discussion


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Pathfinder Adventure Path, Modules Subscriber

On Reddit, someone asked a question about whether or not Paizo had a global breakdown of how many of what races lived where. The general consensus was "No. Well, a couple cities, but not enough to be statistically useful." Then over the next few days, I thought to myself, "Well, how much information is there, and could it say anything?"

So I put together this, a full and comprehensive look at all of the population and race demographic information Paizo has ever published that I can find:

Golarion Populations by Race and Settlement Size

There are two Reddit threads on this where I have posted a number of points on this data. First for V1. Then the following week, for V2.1. The latest version now being V2.2. A changelog tab can be found on the sheet.

Here are a few of the points pulled out of the Reddit threads:


  • Some of the numbers seem odd at first, like apparently there are only 13 halflings in all of Tian Xia. That's not what it means to say. That only says that that's all the data Paizo has published for halfling demographics in specific settlements. There are no doubt more, there just isn't good data on them.
  • Mostly as a consequence of cases like that, for the uncommon and featured races, take any number, no matter how small, as an indication that that race has a significant presence in that area. Enough that they made it worth mentioning in at least one settlement demographics.
  • Don't see your favorite player race on there? That's just because they never made it on to one of the published demographics. Not that they don't exist. Goblins are a great example. There are a bunch randomly in the wilderness, just not on settlement demographics.
  • Continuing off of that: Yes this data is massively skewed towards larger settlements. You can even see how bad this is on the "Settlement Size Results" tab.
  • Sometimes, I came across settlements that didn't have specific race demographic numbers, but did have enough written lore about them that I felt comfortable inferring some data. For these, I generally erred on the conservative side for these guesses to minimize the chances of being wrong while also still being able to get those populations some better representation. For example, the cities in Nagajor in Tian Xia: I have total population numbers for most of the cities, and the lore is that they are majority Nagaji with a ruling class of Naga that visitors to the countries basically never see and are seen as gods to the Nagaji. Therefore, I said that the city was 55% Nagaji, 1% Naga (ended up being a couple hundred. Seems plausible given the lore.), and the other 44% unknown, since I don't know where within that unknown the actual population split is, plus maybe there's another 1-5% of the population that are others that just aren't mentioned. Even being this conservative, we did get a lot better numbers for multiple races, including Elves, Nagaji, Samsarans, Tengus, Drows, and Dwarves compared to the previous version of this sheet.
  • The city of Xiwu in Tian Xia is almost single-handedly responsible for humans "only" being 58% of the population. With a population greater than the three smallest continents combined, and almost on par with the entire Darklands, it is home to the world's largest army. Period. And almost that entire army are Terracotta soldiers. This anomaly makes me sad for the total.
  • I posted all of my source data not only for transparency but also anyone can feel free to do other things with that data if they want. I would just appreciate the credit of initially gathering it all.

And finally, a few other things I discovered during this:

Dear Paizo,


  • For the town of Nesting Swallow: 79 + 3 + 1 does not equal 84.
  • For the town of Oregent: 17,993 + 2,043 + 1,135 + 681 + 400 + 254 + 200 + 54 does not equal 22,700. It's 22,760. This almost drove me mad from re-checking the math multiple times. "You just checked it again, didn't you?" NO.....maybe.
  • For the town of Hagegraf: 77% + 12% + 5% + 3% + 2% does not equal 100%. It's 99%. I just went ahead and chose to assume that last 2% is actually 3% and kept going.
  • For the Deepmar Penal Colony: With a population of 48, it is not a Thorp, but a Hamlet.
  • For the town of Railford: With a population of 46, it is not a Thorp, but a Hamlet.
  • For the town of Morast: With a population of 62, it is not a Hamlet, but a Village.
  • For the town of Satravah: With a population of 68, it is not a Hamlet, but a Village.
  • Or it'd be great to know if there are updated rules on the population cut-offs for those settlement size categories. Always happy to know if I'm wrong and why.
  • You published such awesome books on areas like Taldor, Qadira, and The Shackles. Why almost no race demographics for any of those settlements? D:


Pathfinder Adventure Path, Modules Subscriber

Did an audit of the last few Adventure Paths and came up with a few more settlements, and added a new column for Aquatic Elves that we have one settlement that lists them. So on to version 2.3!

Also, fresh off of Part 1 of Ironfang Invasion, a new "Dear Paizo" entry:

Dear Paizo,

  • For the town of Phaendar, 305 + 32 + 21 + 17 + 28 does not equal 398. It's 403. I've re-read those numbers like four times, please tell me if I'm just crazy and you're right somehow, like if my brain refuses to read a number correctly or something.

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