Hypertext was originally developed by a Jesuit priest -Father Busa- in 1949 while trying to find a way to compile and interconnect the work of Saint Augustine. He had actually modelled the entire thing -which consisted of tens of thousands of panels and about 10 million words- by hand, before travelling to the offices of IBM in order to propose the development of such technology.
The CEO of IBM originally told him it would be impossible for machines to do such a complex thing, to which Father Busa replied "The difficult we achieve quickly. The impossible, that takes us a bit longer". Eventually, IBM accepted the challenge, though the CEO asked the priest "If this works, I trust you won't ask us to rename IBM into International Busa Machines".
The name Hypertext, however, was coined by Ted Nelson in the 60's.
Yesterday, we Catholics celebrated the Day of the Immaculate Conception. For us Chileans, however, it holds the special significance of also being the day we commemorate the single worst disaster in our history: The Great Fire of the Church of the Company of Jesus.
In 1863, during the exact same celebration of the Immaculate Conception, more than 3,000 people were crammed into the temple controlled by the Jesuits. Filled to the brim with floral designs made from waxed paper, banners and more candles than anyone could count, the fire started when someone accidentally pushed one of the latter and set a piece of fabric aflame; within moments, the entire building was a roaring inferno.
Since two of the doors had been shut to allow more people to stand inside, everyone rushed to the central gate. However, most of the faithful were women, who wore, as per the custom of the day, huge criolines (those large skirts held wide with internal structures of metal or hardened horse hair), so when they started massing at the gates, their dresses turned into a deathtrap by creating a barrier of interlocked cages.
Over 2,000 people died that day when the roof and towers collapsed inward; that's 2% of the capital's population at the day, to the point that most estimates figured nearly 20% of the city's families lost a relative that day. It is considered one of the worst fires in human history, and the one with the highest death toll resulting from a single fire. It is also the event with most fatalities in the history of the country, only the War of the Pacific against Peru and Bolivia having a higher toll (not even the Great Earthquake of Valdivia, the strongest in history, managed to kill more people).
After the church was demolished, the bells were sold as scrap to a british merchant. His brother, however, noticed the fine metalwork, and decided to gift them to a church in the welsh town of Oystermouth. In 2010, in celebration of the Bicentenial of Chile, the people of Oystermouth gifted the bells back, which since then have been tolled every day at noon from their resting place in front of the former Palace of Congress.