What if it was a case of Master is better than any alternative?
Say a City State where one side is Undead Territory, another is Deadlands, the third and Forth are Orc and other Savage Humanoids Territories, with the 5th being a Mainly Human Empire that is at war with the City State.
@Mystically Inclined: They aren't just for Golarion they were just part of the Chronicles or Companion Line. Though most of the Weapons and Such were reprinted into the Core Line.
There are always the niche and "what if" scenarios. It does not mean that these scenarios do not inspire heroism.
Mencius was another well-known sage and an adviser to emperors. He advised them towards compassion but also benevolence, encouraged the virtue of keeping one's word and honoring the elderly, among other aspects. He worked from within to change the system.
I've included a few summaries of some of his teachings, for the geeky among us (spoilered):
While he retained the use of ren in the broader sense to refer to an all-encompassing ethical ideal, he used it more often in the narrower sense to emphasize affective concern. Ren in this narrower sense has to do with love or concern for others, and involves a reluctance to cause harm and the capacity to be moved by the suffering of others. The scope of such concern includes not just human beings but also certain kinds of animals, and there is a gradation in ren in that one has special concern for and obligations to those closer to oneself. Ren results from cultivating the special love for parents that everyone shares as an infant and the affective concern for others shown in the well-known Mencian example of our commiseration for the infant on the verge of falling into a well.
Besides using yi to refer to the propriety of conduct, Mencius also used it to refer to an ethical attribute that has to do with a proper regard for oneself and distancing oneself from disgrace. However, disgrace is no longer measured by ordinary social standards but has to do with one's falling below certain ethical standards. As an ethical attribute, yi has to do with a firm commitment to such standards.
Like Confucius, Mencius regarded the transformative power of a cultivated person as the ideal basis for government. In addition, he spelled out more explicitly the idea that order in society depends on proper attitudes within the family, which in turn depends on cultivating oneself. Also, he made explicit the point that gaining the heart/mind of the people is the basis for legitimate government, as it is the response of the people that reveals who has the authority from tian to take up the position of king. Only the ruler who practices ren government can draw the allegiance of the people, and such a ruler will become invincible, not in the sense of superior military strength, but in the sense of being without opposition. A ren ruler enjoys the allegiance of the people and is unlikely to confront any hostilities; even if a few seek to oppose him, the opposition can easily be defeated with the support of the people. This idea provides one example of how Mencius would try to convince a ruler that his initial desire (viz., being invincible in the sense of superior military strength) can be accomplished in a higher form (viz., being invincible in the sense of being without opposition) through the practice of ren government.
Law may oppose law and there are many ways to do so. Not all means of opposition are violent.
Dark times and cruelty have also traditionally been inspiration for heroes and creative thinkers.