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Individual people and not cultures create the art. It's true that people are influenced by the cultures and themes in his surrounding.
But Anime have been in the TVs around the world from a long time now. People that grew up seeing plenty of Anime can take anime as their main inspiration for their own art.
Individual people are the atomic units of their culture. Simply watching "plenty" of works from a culture foreign to your own, even if you find inspiration in that, isn't the same thing as being a member of that culture.
So?, you don't need to be of Japanese culture to create an Anime-style cartoon. Or to be a black guy from brooklyn/harlem to create hip hop.
Quote:Though, defining Anime as "works of animation made by and for Japan" is a workable definition I don't find it to be a particularly useful one.Why not? It strikes me as being better than any alternative offered so far. "Visual style" isn't helpful because there are anime with highly distinctive pictorial elements that look nothing like other anime (e.g. Crayon Shin-chan). "Thematic elements" isn't helpful because there are large numbers of anime for which any particular theme(s) aren't found. If we hold that the term "anime" is describing something specific, then what other definitions could be considered?
Would you insist that only black people from brooklyn or harlem can create hip hop?. Because an statement like that is of the same style as saying that only japanese people can create anime.